No Arab NATO, but an OECD Middle East

Symbol image: "Clear!" US Marines on USS Boxer warship / public domain

Russia's proposal for security in the Gulf region goes against the interests of the United States and its partners

Until now, Russia and China have detained oil tanker incidents in the Persian Gulf. Only when repairing the British tanker Stena Imperio Iran's Revolutionary Guards made clear statements from Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov. Grace 1 before Gibraltar called "hacking".

Ryabkov does in his The statement makes it clear that at the Russian Foreign Ministry, the arguments of the Iranian side in the conflict between the two oil companies are more convincing than "London and Gibraltar". After all, the United States was not mentioned, nor did the head of the State Department, Lavrov, comment on the situation. It was a clear message anyway.

China's approval of Russian security concept

Last week, another high representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov (also president of African countries and the Middle East), presented a background document on the Gulf region and hence, on the Persian Gulf.

It was canceled as a "Russian security concept" and China on Thursday expressed support for Russia's "concept of collective security" as the tanker crisis between Iran, the UK and the states Had caused the last wave of international waves.

In the case of China, Foreign Minister Wang Yi himself did not speak, but the spokesman of the Ministry, Hua Chunying. According to Tass, she praised the Russian initiative. Beijing would also like to develop "cooperation, coordination and communication with all parties concerned".

At the end of the message Tass, two important points of the Russian concept are mentioned: the creation of an international conference on security and cooperation in the Persian Gulf, which will create an organization – and the creation of "demilitarized zones".

Against the US military presence

The text of the Russian security concept requires even more, namely "the renunciation of a permanent detachment of troops of states not belonging to the region, in the territories of the Gulf States".

China can welcome the idea, Washington and especially the Bolton team will not like it at all. The United States has very important military bases in Bahrain, Qatar, Oman and the United Arab Emirates. There is also a presence of American troops in Saudi Arabia that does not attract much attention, as this can lead to sadness.

Recent news that US troops, planes and patriots have been transferred to Saudi Sultan Prince Sultan's air base as part of the escalating conflict with Iran have also been reported. considered a sensitive business by the US media.

The United Kingdom (Bahrain and Qatar) and France (Abu Dhabi) also have military bases in the Persian Gulf. "The overriding goal is (…) to control a region whose strategic importance should not be underestimated in a more oil-dependent world," said Rainer Hermann, Strategy Specialist, recently. FAZ region. a reign that has seemed natural for a long time and that is now collapsing.

According to Hermann, Iran is the "troublemaker of the existing order", to which are linked great economic interests and closely related economic dependencies (oil supply, petrodollars, arms industry). ). He calls the counter-model, which jeopardizes the previous form of the rule, "pax iranica" (derived from the pax americana).

America and Europe can not, in their own interest, leave the Gulf region to other actors – no more than another external power, such as Russia, let alone the Islamic Republic of Iran, because a Pax Iranica would jeopardize the current order of a region where half of the known oil resources are. ,

Hermann, FAZ

The Russian security concept for the Gulf region now contains elements that mark the beginning of such a horror scenario from the point of view of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, the United States. Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, etc .: a strengthening of Russia's role as co-organizer of the Gulf region. The role of Iran not as a recipient of orders, but as an equal and important partner in conflict resolution and the same approach to weaken the military supremacy of the previous rule.

No wonder the concept of Russian security for the Gulf region has not attracted much attention from the local, French, British or American public.

OSCE role model

There is nothing offensive to the concept; it is written in a diplomatic language clearly designed as a bargaining model. He is concerned about creating a grand tour that aims to regulate everything, namely all conflicts in the Great Gulf region, and to establish cooperation in the fight against terrorism.

To this end, an OSCE-type Organization for Security and Cooperation in the Persian Gulf (PGSCO) should finally be created, with the Gulf States, Russia, China, the United States, the European Union and India, as well as other interest groups or stakeholders ("stakeholders") should be present as observers or affiliated members.

Nevertheless, the text contains many things that go against the self-image of the great Westerners. player, their status quo in the Persian Gulf and their direction: "While Washington is campaigning for the creation of an Arab NATO, Russia is promoting a version of the OSCE in the Middle East," said the contribution of Al-Monitor by Maxim A. Suchkov.

For him, Russian leaders continue the path begun by their involvement in the war in Syria. the player with a powerful influence is now presenting itself as a power capable of providing political solutions and also in accordance with the interests of its agenda.

Thus, the options are multiplying to escape the concept of the situation defined by the United States, which could further distance some countries from the US naval concept. For Iran, it is a confirmation that the country is not as isolated as the United States and Israel must work with "maximum pressure".